Since the advent of the steel wire rope, the contact state of the steel wire in the strand has undergone the three development processes of point contact, line contact, and surface contact with the improvement of steel wire rope production technology and application performance requirements. A new type of steel wire rope, in terms of application, compared with point and line contact steel wire rope, it has some unique performance characteristics, mainly in:
(1) Since the strands of the surface contact steel wire rope have undergone plastic compression deformation, the surface of the strands is smooth, and the surface area is larger than the point and line contact strands of the same specification. Therefore, the steel rope made of such strands has a large contact area with the sheave, pulley, and drum in application, and the unit pressure acting on the sheave, pulley, and drum is small, and the wear resistance is good.
(2) Since the strands of the surface-contact steel wire rope have undergone plastic extrusion deformation, the steel wires in the strands are in contact with each other as a larger plane or arc surface, the steel wires are in close contact, the structure is stable, and the transverse deformation resistance is good.
(3) Because the strands of the surface contact steel wire rope have undergone plastic extrusion deformation, the structure of the steel wire rope is dense. Compared with the point and line contact steel wire ropes of the same diameter and the same strength level, the effective cross-sectional area is large, the filling density coefficient is high, and the load-bearing capacity is large. Elongation is small.
(4) The gap between the steel wires in the strand is small, the sealing performance is good, the corrosive medium is not easy to penetrate, and the corrosion resistance is strong.
(5) Due to the smooth surface of the surface contact wire rope, compact structure, small contact stress between the wires, good lateral deformation resistance; large bearing capacity and corrosion resistance, this kind of wire rope has good fatigue resistance and long service life